La Peau Dermatology
Zaina Rashid, DO, FAOCD, FAAD
Mohs Skin Cancer Surgeon & Dermatologist located in Mesa, AZ
Melanoma is the deadliest type of skin cancer, causing more than 10,000 deaths each year in the U.S. Dr. Zaina Rashid has extensive experience diagnosing and treating melanoma for patients from Phoenix, Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, Gilbert Scottsdale, Peoria, and Tempe at La Peau Dermatology servicing , using state-of-the-art techniques to ensure the most appropriate care is provided.
Melanoma Q & A
What Causes Melanoma?
Melanoma affects the melanocytes, or the melanin-producing skin cells responsible for the color of the skin. DNA changes in these cells cause the cells to divide and proliferate at an abnormally fast rate. The most common trigger for these changes is exposure to UV radiation, most commonly the UV-A and UV-B rays from sunlight, tanning beds, and tanning lamps. Genetic factors are also likely to play a role. Melanoma is the rarest type of skin cancer, accounting for less than 1 percent of all skin cancers, yet it's responsible for nearly all skin cancer-related deaths.
What Symptoms and Signs Does Melanoma Cause?
Melanoma can take different forms, but often, it resembles a common mole. Sometimes, an existing mole can become cancerous. Typically, melanoma growths can be evaluated using the “ABCDE” criteria:
- Asymmetrical appearance, where one side of the mole looks different from the other
- Borders that appear uneven or ragged
- Multiple colors are present in the lesion
- Diameter of the mole is greater than a pencil eraser
- The mole evolves over time, changing shape, size, color or some other characteristic
The American Academy of Dermatology recommends that any unusual or odd-looking lesion be evaluated as soon as possible so the most appropriate treatment can be provided.
How is Melanoma Diagnosed?
Melanoma is diagnosed by taking a small tissue sample and evaluating it under a microscope. Different methods can be used depending on the size and appearance of the mole and other factors. Melanoma can occur anywhere on the body, including areas that don't receive sun exposure. Having regular skin cancer screenings is the best way to identify melanoma in its earliest stages.
How is Melanoma Treated?
Some types of melanoma may be treated with surgery to remove the lesion, often accompanied by a biopsy of local lymph nodes to determine if the cancer has spread. Often, additional treatments are recommended, including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy and biologic therapy. The type of treatment used depends on the stage of the cancer and other factors.
Accepted Insurance Providers
Our medical practice works closely with numerous insurance carriers to ensure that our patients get the care that they need and deserve. Our office staff is highly experienced in navigating the pitfalls of insurance forms and are only too happy to use their expertise on our patients' behalf. Click here for more information on accepted insurance. If you have any questions or do not see your insurance carrier listed, you can contact our office directly.
Words from our patients
"Despite hearing the word cancer thinking it's the end of the world, this doctor truly soothed things down and we are very appreciative of her and the staff."
"Never felt nervous, superior service by the doctor, took the time to answer questions before and after procedure. Scar healed great, very pleased. Thank you."
"The surgery was successful. Dr. Rashid impressed me as highly competent, thorough and pleasant in her interactions."